The Charm of Dystopia

Nineteen Eighty-Four (1984) movie; an adaptation from a novel of the same title written by George Orwell.
It has been critically acclaimed as one of the most famous Dystopia-themed works in the world.

According to International Reading Association, Dystopia is defined as a futuristic, imagined universe in which oppressive societal control and the illusion of a perfect society are maintained through corporate, bureaucratic, technological, moral, or totalitarian control. It has long been a genre in many forms of cultural slash entertainment products, such as movies and literature.

Dystopias, through an exaggerated worst-case scenario, make a criticism about a current trend, societal norm, or political system.

I personally have always been an avid fan of Dystopian works, both in movies or literature. Mainly, I'm fascinated by the idea of the world falling to totalitarianism and the people are made to believe that they indeed are living in the epitome of a perfect society, all while the truth is the exact opposite.

The one that holds the most charm is the notion the truth that they (the people) believe in — everything is a lie; an illusion, a deceit in disguise, a man-made full of falsehoods. Jean Baudrillard's most infamous quote of all time through his hyperreality concept, in my opinion, might be the best way to describe it.

"Nothing is real."

Perlunya Pendidikan Kesehatan Reproduksi untuk Remaja di Indonesia


Pendidikan kesehatan reproduksi di Indonesia masih tergolong terbelakang, terbukti dari absennya mata pelajaran yang mengkhususkan untuk mempelajari kesehatan reproduksi di sekolah-sekolah Indonesia pada umumnya.

Padahal, dalam jurnal yang ditulis oleh Pakasi dan Kartikawati (2013: 79-80), isu kesehatan reproduksi dan kehidupan seksual dari remaja merupakan isu nasional yang berdampak besar dalam pembangunan negara, mengingat jumlah populasi remaja yang sangat besar serta terdapat dampak jangka panjang yang dapat ditimbulkan dari isu tersebut.

Tapi nyatanya, Indonesia masih juga belum mampu memberikan pendidikan mengenai kesehatan reproduksi yang memadai pada remaja.

Disney Princess Syndrome yang telah Membudaya dalam Konsep Pernikahan


Bila berbicara mengenai konsep pernikahan yang dalam beberapa kasus dianggap sebagai sebuah jalan keluar bagi pihak perempuan (McLaughlin dan Lichter, 1997: 582), tentunya Disney Princess Syndrome tidak dapat lepas dari pembicaraan.

Sindrom tersebut banyak dibahas oleh peneliti film anak-anak yang dibuat oleh studio animasi paling terkemuka di dunia, Disney, terutama yang berkaitan dengan Disney Princess, yakni film-film film Disney era Renaissance (versi lama, seperti Cinderella, Snow White, Sleeping Beauty, dsb) yang pemeran utamanya melibatkan sosok perempuan sebagai tuan putri atau princess.

M. Keith Booker sendiri sempat menjelaskan sindrom tersebut dalam bukunya yang berjudul 'Disney, Pixar, and the Hidden Messages of Children’s Films'.

Animation Film as a Property for Disseminating Ideas Limitlessly

Toy Story (1995), an iconic American computer-animated film produced by Pixar Animation Studios and released by Walt Disney Pictures.

Among many other types of film, animation film is quite a unique one. According to Paul Wells, animation film is an epitome of craftsmanship; it is made by hand from scratch, frame-to-frame.

The purpose of animation film is to give some sort of illusion of movements without the usage of conventional film-making tools like camera, thus making the figures in the film look like as if they're moving and talking.

Film itself could form the understanding of reality of its audience, due to the fact that in film reality is constructed and represented in such a way and the fact that film is a mass media; as a mass media, it has the power to construct reality.

Constructing, representing, and articulating reality are all done by utilizing signs and symbols — it's also no exception with film.

In animation film, the signs and symbols available to be utilized are practically limitless, since it's handmade and made from scratch. With other types of film, filmmakers have to make use of the reality already available — complete alterations of reality is technically impossible.

Animation filmmakers? Well, they have it easier in this aspect. They don't have to face the same problem since theh could construct their own reality, entirely.

This distinct characteristic of animation film then gives the filmmakers (from directors to animators) an unprecedented freedom and full control of what they want to show onscreen to the audience.

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References:

  • Benyahia, et. al. A2 Film Studies: The Essential Introduction. New York: Routledge, 2009.
  • O’Shaughnessy, Michael. Media and Society: an Introduction. Australia: Oxford University Press, 2001.
  • Wells, Paul. Understanding Animation. New York: Routledge, 1998.